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Why Is It So Hard To Quit Smoking?

By Margarita Nahapetyan "It's easy to quit smoking. I've done it a hundred times," said Mark Twain when he tried to quit smoking his cigar back in 1800s. But as it turns out - it is always easier to say than to do it in reality. So, if all you needed to quit smoking was the latest scientific fact - here it is. U.S.researchers led by Joseph McClernon , an associate Professor in the department of psychiatry and behavioral sciences at Du

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The Truth About Kids, Alcohol and Other Drugs

Excerpted from Teens Under the Influence: The Truth About Kids, Alcohol, and Other Drugs- How to Recognize the Problem and What to Do About It By Katherine Ketcham Adolescents who regularly use drugs-and who cannot seem to quit no matter how many problems they experience-are inevitably judged from the outside. Labeled drug abusers, juvenile delinquents, and threats to the community, they are kicked out of schools, bounced around from one helping agency to another, cycle

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Addiction: The Real 13th Step

Excerpted from The Real 13th Step: Discovering Confidence, Self-Reliance, and Independence Beyond the 12-Step Programs By Tina B. Tessina, Ph.D. A number of things have changed in the ten years since The REAL Thirteenth Step was originally published. In that time I've worked with many more clients who are recovering with the aid of Twelve Step programs. In that time, sponsors have referred program members to me, and I have referred clients to the programs and to sponsor

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Antidepressant Drug Helps Pregnant Smookers To Quit

By Margarita Nahapetyan Pregnant women who are substance-dependent and also smoke cigarettes may be successfully treated with certain anti-depressant drugs, suggest preliminary results of a new study by U.S. researchers. In particular, the investigators noted that the antidepressant bupropion - commonly known by the brand name Wellbutrin - helped women to curb their smoking habits. "We are encouraged by the findings given that both de

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Addiction - Why We Need the Detoxification Stage

Excerpted from End Your Addiction Now By Charles Gant, M.D. and Greg Lewis, Ph.D. With this in mind, the goals of the Detoxification stage of the Power Recovery Program are: Removing the sources of toxins that can poison your brain and body and can contribute to the nutritional deficiencies and biochemical imbalances that have put you at risk for substance problems Fortifying the "toxin barriers" of your digestive system so that toxins you ingest are not readily abs

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Shopping Addiction

By Margarita Nahapetyan For many people shopping is considered to be one of the favorite pastimes. For most of them it is just buying some new clothes or presents for close people. But there is another category for whom shopping is much more than just enjoyable pastime, it is a real addiction that in many cases leads to a financial disaster, as well as it brings chaos to person's life and family. Compulsive shopping and spending are d

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The Body-Image Therapy Helps Women Quit Smoking

By Margarita Nahapetyan Scientists at Temple University have found that body-image therapy can be more effective than an exercise plan to help women not only keep their pounds at bay, but also to stay smoke-free. One out of every five women between the ages of 18 and 24 years, smoke cigarettes, and the majority of these ladies say that they have no intention to quit because they do not want to gain weight. A significant number of coll

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Cocaine - No Level Is Safe

By Margarita Nahapetyan More than 3 per cent of "sudden deaths" in a region of south-west Spain, and probably across much of Europe, are associated with cocaine use, according to a new study released on Wednesday. The study found that cocaine use has risen sharply in recent years in Europe and that there is no such thing as "safe" recreational use of small amounts of the illegal drug. For the study purposes, pathologists performed for

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Danger Of Third-Hand Smoke

By Margarita Nahapetyan After finding a link between second-hand smoke and chronic illnesses, the experts now say that there is a possible danger of 'third-hand smoke' as well. According to a new study, nicotine stains on skin, clothing, furniture and wallpaper can react with ambient gases to generate dangerous cancer-causing compounds and chemicals. "Third-hand smoke" is a name that scientists have given to nicotine residues that cli

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Cash Reward Helps Smokers Quit Bad Habit

By Margarita Nahapetyan Smokers who are paid to quit are about three times more likely to give up a bad habit and not have another cigarette than those who get no cash reward, a new study reports. Smoking is one of the nation's biggest causes of premature death, which is believed to kill about half a million Americans every year. About 20 per cent of all adults in the United States smoke, compared with nearly 25 per cent 10 years ago.

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Teen Marijuana Use Linked To Psychoses

By Margarita Nahapetyan Teenagers who are longtime marijuana smokers are at an increased risk of developing psychoses, such as schizophrenia, hallucinations and delusions, compared to short-term smokers or those who have never smoked pot, a new research suggests. Scientists at the Brain Institute at the University of Queensland, Australia, tracked 3,801 young adults with the ages between 14 and 21 years. The participants and their mot

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Teen Marijuana Use Linked To Evenings Spent Out With Friends

By Margarita Nahapetyan A new study published this week in the February issue of Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, showed worrying statistics about use of marijuana among teenagers. Research found that smoking pot among teens has dramatically increased in many countries between 2002 and 2006, and those who went out with friends in the evening were more likely to consume it occasionally. The results have been based on the youngsters' own report

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Nicotine Reaches The Brain Slowly

By Margarita Nahapetyan Nicotine takes much longer than it was previously thought to build up and reach peak levels in the brain of a smoking person, claims a new research by experts at Duke University Medical Center, U.S. Scientists tended to believe that nicotine inhaled in a puff of cigarette smoke took just 7 seconds to be taken up and absorbed by the brain, and that each puff was producing a spike of nicotine. In other words, two

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Problem of Alcoholism

By Margarita Nahapetyan Men in developed countries have a 20 per cent increased risk of developing a problem of alcohol dependence during their lifetimes, according to American researchers from the University of California, San Diego. For women, the risk is put at 10 per cent or less. The problem is "common in all developed countries," where as many as 80 per cent of men and 60 per cent of women drink at some point during their lives,

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Overcoming Gambling Addiction

By Margarita Nahapetyan Gambling is an urge of playing a game in which money is normally at stake. There are many forms of such games including casinos, horse races, different kinds of lotteries, card rooms, and stock market betting. Although these kinds of games have been created for entertaining and recreational purposes, there are people who become addicted and who desire to gamble in spite of harmful negative consequences or a need to stop. &#

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Online Programs Effectively Help Smokers To Quit

By Margarita Nahapetyan It is not a secret to anyone how hard it is to quit smoking. However, not everyone might know that the best solution for the problem might be as close as a keyboard of the computer. A new analysis by scientists at the University of California, Berkeley, School of Public Health, suggests that Internet and computer-based smoking cessation programs are really worth a try. Such methods, including some that are inte

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Addictions: 12-Step Programs

Excerpted from AA to Z; An Addictionary of the 12-Step Culture By Christopher Cavanaugh Throughout the world today, over two million alcoholics and hundreds of thousands of drug addicts, compulsive overeaters, sex addicts, compulsive gamblers, codependents, and other addicts abstain from their addiction, having found a new life by practicing the 12-Step program of recovery developed by Alcoholics Anonymous. They work each of the 12 Steps and engage in the fellowship of

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Alcoholism Patterns and Symptoms

Excerpted from Alcoholism and Other Drug Problems By James E. Royce, S.J., Ph.D., David Scratchley, Ph.D. Any of us could suffer the effects depicted so far of alcohol and other drug misuse on our health, driving, social relations, and pocketbook, whether addicted or not. This chapter will address the development of addiction, using alcoholism as a model. The approach will be descriptive rather than explanatory, leaving to Chapter 7 any considerations of causality. The

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Fear of Loss of Self - Adult Children of Alcoholics

Excerpted from Adult Children of Alcoholics By Janet Woititz This fear is present because you never clearly established your sense of self while you were growing into adulthood. The early messages that you received from your parents were very confusing. The lack of clear messages forced you to create many of your beliefs and values, rather than learning them through example. Because your parents didn't consistently care for you in all the ways

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Open Questions - Adult Children of Alcoholics

Excerpted from Lifeskills for Adult Children By Janet Woititz, Alan Garner, M.A. Follow up your closed questions with open questions, if you really want to get your conversations going. Open questions are those that ask for more than just a one or two word answer. They encourage others to explore their thoughts by asking for explanations and elaborations. Open questions normally begin with "How," "Why," and "Tell me about," and sometimes with "What." For example:

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Learning to Live with Yourself and an Alcoholic

Excerpted from Marriage On The Rocks: Learning to Live with Yourself and an Alcoholic By Janet Woititz Excessive Dependency The alcoholic is a very dependent person. He prefers not to take responsibility for his behavior. Let George do it. Then when George does it, if anything goes wrong, it's George's fault. He himself would not have made the mistake. The alcoholic prefers to have someone make all his decisions for him, including what he eats a

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Addiction and Groups of European Origin

Excerpted from Bridges to Recovery: Addiction, Family Therapy, and Multicultural Treatment By Jo-Ann Krestan This chapter explores the connection between a family's ethnic background and its relationship to addiction. While no one factor has been found to cause the disease of addiction, research has revealed that attitudes toward drinking and socially sanctioned drinking practices are important considerations in the development of the disease. Field studies have found t

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Secondhand Smoking Causes Major Depression

By Margarita Nahapetyan Non-smokers who are being exposed to cigarette smoke, not only experience its harm physically, but are twice more likely to suffer from major depression, compared to people who are not exposed to black clouds, a large federal study reports. The study from the University of Miami appears to be the first U.S research to link secondhand smoke to mood and depression. The previous study that was conducted in Japan c

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The Four Rules of the Alcoholic Family

Excerpted from Adult Children of Alcoholics Syndrome: A Step By Step Guide To Discovery And Recovery By Wayne Kritsberg The Rule of Rigidity The alcoholic family is inflexible. It cannot adapt to change easily, nor does it willingly allow family members to change. This rigid behavior manifests itself in all aspects of family life and has its roots in the way the family attempts to deal with having an alcoholic as a member. One of the effects of

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Becoming Naturally Therapeutic

Excerpted from Becoming Naturally Therapeutic: A Return To The True Essence of Helping By Jacquelyn Small You may never have thought of yourself as a therapist, having reserved that title for people who have professional counselor roles. Yet research has made clear that the most therapeutic responses to people in trouble often come from "ordinary people" who don't think of themselves as experts, teachers, judges, counselors, or ministers. They're just people who have ex

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