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  • Natalie Garcia
    Natalie Garcia

    Missouri's Marriage License: 7 Key Points

    As a relationship expert, I've seen countless couples brimming with excitement and love, preparing to embark on the beautiful journey of marriage. But before any vows are exchanged or bouquets thrown, there's an essential bureaucratic step that often goes unnoticed - obtaining a marriage license. Specifically, for those residing in or planning a wedding in the Show-Me State, understanding the process of getting a 'marriage license in Missouri' is a must. I vividly remember the experience of helping a close friend navigate this process in Missouri; it was both enlightening and made me realize how crucial this knowledge is for couples preparing for their big day.

    But worry not! You don't need to dive headfirst into complex governmental websites or legal documents. I've got you covered with this comprehensive guide to understanding and obtaining a marriage license in Missouri. We'll explore ten key points that will equip you with all the essential knowledge and save you from any unwelcome surprises.

    Why is it important, you ask? Well, without a valid marriage license, your union won't be legally recognized. And let's face it - as romantic as weddings are, they also have practical implications that we must address. So, strap in and get ready to unravel the mystery of obtaining a marriage license in Missouri.

    1. Understanding a Marriage License: Why is it Needed?

    Before diving into the specificities of the Missouri marriage license, let's first understand what a marriage license is and why it's so important. A marriage license is a legal document issued by the government that grants permission for two individuals to marry. It's like getting a permit to drive a car or open a business - the government needs to approve your marriage to ensure all legal requirements are met.

    The key reason for needing a marriage license is legal recognition. Marriage isn't just a personal or religious commitment; it's also a legal one that can significantly impact many areas of your life, from taxes to property ownership to parental rights. Without a valid marriage license, your marriage won't be recognized by the state, leading to potential issues down the line.

    In essence, this document forms the legal foundation of your marital bond. It's a way for the state to record and acknowledge your union officially. Once issued, a marriage license provides the go-ahead for a marriage ceremony to occur. After the ceremony, the couple or the officiant typically return the license (now completed with details of the ceremony) to the issuing office for recording.

    So, as you can see, having this official document is crucial for your marriage. It's not just a piece of paper, but a gateway to numerous legal rights and privileges that come with being married. It's essential to know how to secure a marriage license in your state - in this case, Missouri - to avoid any potential legal hurdles in the future.

    2. Where to Obtain Your Missouri Marriage License

    The first step in obtaining your marriage license in Missouri involves knowing where to go. Luckily, the process is fairly straightforward. In Missouri, marriage licenses are issued by the Recorder of Deeds Office in each county. Therefore, you or your partner must visit the office in person. Remember, both of you need to be present when applying for the license.

    Missouri has 114 counties, plus the independent city of St. Louis. This means there are 115 potential places you could obtain your marriage license. So, it's a matter of choosing the most convenient location for you and your partner.

    Do note that you are not restricted to getting your license in the county where you live or where the wedding will take place. Missouri marriage licenses are valid statewide, which means you can get your license in any county and use it anywhere within the state.

    It's always wise to call ahead or check the county's website for specific requirements or to make an appointment. Each county may have slightly different procedures or office hours. By taking this extra step, you can ensure your visit goes smoothly and efficiently.

    Embarking on this journey together to obtain your marriage license can also serve as a reminder of the practical aspects of your upcoming union. It's not just about the romantic proposals and fairy-tale weddings, but also about the commitment you're making to share a life together, in every sense of the word.

    3. Documentation Required for a Missouri Marriage License

    Once you've decided on the county where you'll obtain your license, the next step is to gather the necessary documentation. In Missouri, there are several documents that you and your partner will need to bring along when applying for your marriage license.

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    The first requirement is a valid form of identification. This can be a driver's license, state ID, passport, or military ID. The aim is to prove your identity and age, so the ID must have your photograph and date of birth.

    Speaking of age, you must also be able to prove you're legally old enough to marry in Missouri. The legal age to marry without parental consent is 18. However, if you're 15-17 years old, you can still marry, but you'll need permission from a parent or guardian and a statement from a judge. Keep in mind that these rules can vary slightly between counties, so it's wise to check the specifics with the county Recorder of Deeds Office before you go.

    Another important document is proof of the dissolution of any previous marriages. If you or your partner have been married before, you must show that the previous marriage has been legally ended. This could be through a divorce decree, annulment, or death certificate for a deceased spouse.

    Missouri does not require a blood test or health certificate to obtain a marriage license, a practice once common but now largely abolished.

    Gathering these documents can seem like a daunting task, but it's an important part of ensuring that your marriage meets all legal requirements. Just remember to double-check everything before you go to the Recorder of Deeds Office. With everything in order, you'll be one step closer to saying 'I do'.

    4. Fees Associated with Getting a Marriage License in Missouri

    While your love may be priceless, obtaining a marriage license does come with a cost. In Missouri, the fee for a marriage license is typically around $50, although this can vary slightly from county to county. It's advisable to check the exact amount with the county Recorder of Deeds Office where you plan to apply.

    The fee generally covers the cost of issuing the license and recording your marriage after the ceremony. Most Recorder of Deeds Offices will require this fee to be paid at the time of application. Accepted payment methods vary by county, so be sure to check whether they accept cash, check, or card payments.

    Remember, this fee is non-refundable, and the marriage license is usually non-transferable. Therefore, you must be absolutely certain before you apply. Also, be aware that most counties do not offer refunds if your plans change or the ceremony is not performed within the validity period of the license.

    While $50 may seem like a small price to pay in the grand scheme of your wedding budget, it's still an important consideration. After all, it's the official starting point of your legal commitment to each other. On the bright side, once you've paid the fee and obtained your license, you're just one step away from officially tying the knot.

    5. The Waiting Period and Validity of a Missouri Marriage License

    With all your documents in order and fees paid, you might be wondering, "When can I get married?" In Missouri, the good news is that there is no waiting period for your marriage license to be issued. It's typically available immediately after your application has been processed, which usually happens on the same day.

    This means that you could technically apply for your marriage license and have your wedding ceremony on the same day. However, most couples choose to apply for their license a few weeks before their wedding date to avoid any last-minute issues.

    The next important aspect to consider is the validity of the license. How long is the Missouri marriage license good for? Well, once issued, a Missouri marriage license is valid for 30 days. This means that your marriage ceremony must take place within those 30 days. If the ceremony does not occur within this period, the license will expire, and you'll need to apply and pay the fee again.

    The 30-day validity period offers some flexibility for planning your wedding date but also emphasizes the importance of timing your application correctly. Apply too early, and your license might expire before your wedding date. Apply too late, and you may not have your license in time for your ceremony.

    This part of the process underlines the delicate balance between love and law, between planning a dream wedding and ensuring all the practicalities are correctly handled. But remember, the ultimate goal is a lifetime of love and commitment, and these initial steps are just the beginning of that journey.

    6. The Role of the Officiant in Missouri Marriages

    As you approach your wedding day, it's essential to remember that your marriage isn't just about the two of you. It's also about the person who officiates your wedding ceremony. In Missouri, the officiant plays a crucial role, not only in conducting your ceremony but also in ensuring the legality of your marriage.

    According to Missouri law, marriages can be solemnized by any clergyman, either active or retired, who is in good standing with any church or synagogue in the state. Judges, including municipal judges and retired judges, can also officiate marriages. The law does not require the officiant to be a resident of Missouri.

    One point to note is that while some states allow self-solemnization (where the couple marries each other without an officiant), Missouri does not. An authorized person must officiate your wedding for it to be legally recognized.

    After the wedding ceremony, the officiant is responsible for completing the marriage license with the details of the ceremony, such as the date and location of the wedding. The officiant must then return the license to the Recorder of Deeds Office that issued it, usually within 15 days after the wedding. Once the office records your marriage, it becomes a legal union.

    The choice of an officiant, therefore, is not just a personal decision but also a legal one. Choose someone who understands the gravity of the role and is willing to fulfill these responsibilities. After all, they hold in their hands the task of making your marriage official in the eyes of the law.

    7. The Consequences of Not Returning Your Marriage License

    You might think that once your wedding ceremony is over, all the legalities are done and dusted. However, there's one more crucial step - returning your completed marriage license to the Recorder of Deeds Office. This step is often overlooked but has significant implications.

    In Missouri, once the wedding ceremony is conducted, the officiant is required to complete the marriage license with details of the ceremony and return it to the issuing office within 15 days. But what happens if the license is not returned? Simply put, your marriage will not be legally recorded.

    Remember, your marriage license is not just a permit to get married - it's also the official record of your marriage. Without it being returned and recorded, your marriage is not legally recognized, even if the ceremony has already taken place. This could potentially lead to a whole host of issues, from tax problems to difficulties in asserting marital rights.

    Therefore, it's vital to ensure your officiant understands their responsibility to return the license promptly. You may also want to follow up with the Recorder of Deeds Office a few weeks after your wedding to ensure they've received and recorded your license. This way, you can be sure your marriage is officially on record, and you can embark on your married life with peace of mind.

    This step underscores the importance of every aspect of the marriage process. From obtaining the license to having it recorded post-ceremony, each step plays a critical role in legitimizing your union. So, take note and ensure all the necessary steps are completed - your future married self will thank you.

    Conclusion: Embrace the Journey of Marriage

    The journey towards marriage can sometimes seem overwhelming, especially when it comes to navigating the legal aspects. However, remember that each step you take in obtaining your marriage license is a step towards a future with your loved one. It's a commitment of love, but also a commitment to sharing a life together.

    My experience as a relationship expert has taught me that love is not just about grand gestures and passionate feelings, but also about navigating the realities of life together. And one such reality is the legal aspect of marriage. Navigating this process together can be an enriching experience, providing a solid foundation for your married life ahead.

    Missouri makes the process relatively straightforward, but it's essential to be prepared and understand each step. From deciding where to obtain your license, gathering the necessary documentation, understanding the associated fees, to knowing the importance of the officiant and the timely return of the license, each step is crucial.

    So, while you embark on this journey, remember to embrace not just the romance but also the practical aspects of marriage. After all, a successful marriage is a blend of love, partnership, understanding, and mutual respect. And navigating the legalities together is a testament to that partnership and commitment.

    I hope this guide has been helpful in understanding the process of obtaining a marriage license in Missouri. Here's to a future filled with love, commitment, and a thriving marriage!


    • “The Complete Guide to Marriage Licenses”. Diane Warner. Atlantic Publishing Group Inc. 2006.
    • “The Marriage Book: Centuries of Advice, Inspiration, and Cautionary Tales from Adam and Eve to Zoloft”. Lisa Grunwald and Stephen J. Adler. Simon and Schuster. 2015.
    • “Legal Guide for Lesbian & Gay Couples, A (Legal Guide for Lesbian and Gay Couples)”. Denis Clifford, Frederick Hertz, Emily Doskow. Nolo. 2020.

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